John Singer Sargent - Study for Chiron and Achilles, 1916-1921

John Singer Sargent (Florence, 1856 - 1925, London)

Study for Chiron and Achilles for the Rotunda of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1916-1921

Charcoal on paper, 47.2 x 63.2 cm (18 9/16 x 24 7/8 in.) sheet


Object details

Accession number



Probably a gift from John Singer Sargent to Isabella Stewart Gardner in 1921.


Signed in pencil (lower right): John S. Sargent


Rollin van N. Hadley (ed.). Drawings: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1968), p. 52.
Alan Chong et al. (eds.). Eye of the Beholder: Masterpieces from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 2003), p. 223.
Nathaniel Silver et al. Boston’s Apollo: Thomas McKeller and John Singer Sargent. Exh. cat (Boston: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 2020), pp. 190-91, cat. 8. (as Study for Chiron and Achilles)

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In 1916, John Singer Sargent (1856–1925) met Thomas Eugene McKeller (1890–1962), a young, Black elevator attendant, at Boston’s Hotel Vendome. McKeller posed for most of the figures—both male and female—in Sargent’s murals in the Museum of Fine Arts. The painter transformed McKeller into white gods and goddesses, creating soaring allegories of the liberal arts that celebrated the recent expansion of the city’s premier civic museum. Sargent then gave several preparatory drawings of McKeller to Isabella Stewart Gardner, ensuring their preservation in perpetuity.

Balanced on the centaur Chiron, the young Achilles draws back his bow to fire an arrow. Half man, half horse, Chiron—the adopted son of Apollo—mentored Greek hero Achilles in the arts of war and peace. Here, Sargent focuses on the twisting backs of each torso, eventually abandoning this approach for a frontal arrangement.