Dioscorides - Verbena Recta and Verbena Supina, 1224

Dioscorides (Anazarbus, Cilicia, about 40 CE - 90 CE)

Leaf from an Arabic translation of De Materia Medica by Dioscorides: Verbena Recta (Recto) and Verbena Supina (Verso), 1224

Ink and watercolor on paper , 29.5 x 21.5 cm (11 5/8 x 8 7/16 in.)


These illustrations of medicinal plants were added to a manuscript translation of a medical treatise by Dioscurides, originally written in the first century AD. The Greek text was frequently translated into Arabic; this sheet is from a copy by Abdallah ibn al-Fadl which is dated 1224.

Source: Eye of the Beholder, edited by Alan Chong et al. (Boston: ISGM and Beacon Press, 2003): 170.