Raphael - Lamentation over the Dead Christ, about 1503-1505

Raphael (Urbino, 1483 - 1520, Rome)

Lamentation over the Dead Christ, about 1503-1505

Oil on poplar panel , 23.6 x 28.8 cm (9 5/16 x 11 5/16 in.)

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(Urbino, 1483 - 1520, Rome)

Object details

Accession number

P16e3

Primary Creator

Raphael (Urbino, 1483 - 1520, Rome)

Full title

Lamentation over the Dead Christ

Creation Date

about 1503-1505

Provenance



Purchased by Isabella Stewart Gardner from the art dealers Colnaghi & Co., London on 17 November 1900 for $24,277 through Bernard Berenson (1865–1959), American art historian.

Marks

Seal of Count Carl Rechberg in red wax (reverse, upper left): Crown with two lions

Dimensions

23.6 x 28.8 cm (9 5/16 x 11 5/16 in.)

Display Media

Oil on poplar panel

Dimension Notes

Frame: 48.6 x 55.2 cm (19 1/8 x 21 3/4 in.)

Web Commentary


Not satisfied with a single Raphael painting, Isabella Stewart Gardner waited just two years before purchasing her second work by the artist. This small panel, exquisitely preserved with luminous colors, was painted as part of a narrative predella, or lower register of an altarpiece, for a convent of Franciscan nuns in Perugia, Italy. In the early seventeenth century, the predella was separated from the rest of the altarpiece, and both parts began their journey through the art world. 


Gardner acquired her fragment in 1900, while J.P. Morgan purchased largest part of the same altarpiece one year later. She set this painting on a table, with a chair positioned as if to allow close, personal contemplation of the picture. She arranged the display perpendicular to the window, to catch daylight for viewing.

Permanent Gallery Location

Raphael Room

Bibliography

Peter Coxe, Burrell, and Foster. Catalogue of the Remaining Part of the Orleans' Collection of Italian Paintings,... (London, 14 February 1800), p. 6, lot 43.
Christies. A Catalogue of the Valuable Collection of Paintings, by Ancient and Modern Masters, of Sir Thomas Lawrence,... (London, 15 May 1830), p. 125, lot. 125.
J. A. Crowe and G. B. Cavalcaselle. Raphael: His Life and Works, vol. 1 (London, 1882), pp. 236, 238.
J. P. Richter, “The Old Masters at Burlington House,” Art Journal (March 1902), p. 83.
Catalogue. Fenway Court. (Boston, 1903), p. 9.
Philip Hendy. Catalogue of Exhibited Paintings and Drawings (Boston, 1931), pp. 282-83. (as 1503-1505)
Gilbert Wendel Longstreet and Morris Carter. General Catalogue (Boston, 1935), p. 117. (as about 1504)
Morris Carter. "Mrs. Gardner & The Treasures of Fenway Court" in Alfred M. Frankfurter (ed.). The Gardner Collection (New York, 1946), p. 60, ill. 59.
Oskar Fischel. Raphael (Berlin, 1962), p. 33, fig. 37c.
Pierluigi de Vecchi. The complete paintings of Raphael (New York, 1966), pp. 92-93, cat. 42F.
A.P. Oppé. Raphael (London, 1970), pl. 29.
George L. Stout. Treasures from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1969), pp. 114-15. (as 1503-1505)
John Pope-Hennessy. Raphael: The Wrightsman Lectures (New York, 1970), pp. 134-136, 278, fig 120.
Luitpold Dussler. Raphael: A critical catalogue of his pictures wall-paintings and tapestries (London, 1971), p. 15, pl. 40.
Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, 1972), p. 172.
Philip Hendy. European and American Paintings in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1974), pp. 193-95. (as 1503-1506)
Everett Fahy. "Italian Paintings at Fenway Court" in James Thomas Herbert Baily (ed.). The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (London, 1978), p. 36, 39-41, fig. B, 16.
David Alan Brown. "Berenson and Mrs. Gardner: The Connoisseur, the Collector and the Photograph." Fenway Court (1978), pp. 24-29, no. 3.
Konrad Oberhuber. "The Colonna Altarpiece in the Metropolitan Museum and Problems of the Early Style of Raphael." Metropolitan Museum Journal 12 (1978), pp. 55-91.
John La Farge and August F. Jaccaci (eds.). Noteworthy Paintings in American Private Collections. vol. 1. (New York, 1909, reprint 1979), pp. 28-29, ill.
Rollin van N. Hadley. Museums Discovered: The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1981), 56-57. (as 1503-1506)
Konrad Oberhuber. Raffaello (Milan, 1982), p. 185, cat. 8. (as about 1501-1502)
Jean-Pierre Cuzin. Raphael: His Life and Works (Secaucus, New Jersey, 1983), pp. 36, 42, fig. 37.
David Alan Brown. Raphael and America. Exh. cat. (Washington: National Gallery, 1983), pp. 52, 59-62, fig. 31.
S. Ferino Pagden. “The Early Raphael and His Umbrian Contemporaries” in Raphael Before Rome. Studies in the History of Art, vol. 17 (Washington, National Gallery of Art, 1986), pp.103-105, fig. 26.
Rollin van N. Hadley (ed.). The Letters of Bernard Berenson and Isabella Stewart Gardner 1887-1924 (Boston, 1987), pp. 231-33, 235, 237, 245-46, 248, 260, 262-63, 296.
Hilliard Goldfarb et al. Italian Paintings and Drawings Before 1800 in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. Unpublished manuscript. (Boston, 1996-2000). (as about 1504)
Rudolf Hiller von Gaertringen. Raffaels Lernerfahrungen in der Werkstatt Peruginos (Munich, 1999), p.54. (as about 1503-1504)
Jürg Meryer zur Capellen. Raphael: A Critical Catalogue of His Paintings. Vol. 1. (Münster, 2001), pp. 172-185, cat. 17E. (as 1505)
Alan Chong et al. (eds.) Eye of the Beholder: Masterpieces from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 2003), pp. 76-77. (as about 1503-1505)
Laura Teza and Mirko Santanicchia. Pietro Vannucci il Perugino. (Perugia, 2004), pp. 311, 324, fig. 18.
Carol Plazzatto in Hugo Chapman, et al. Raphael from Urbino to Rome. Exh. cat. (London: National Gallery, 2004), pp. 150-55, cat. 42. (as 1504-1505)
Linda Wolk-Simon. Raphael at the Metropolitan: The Colonna Altarpiece. Exh. cat. in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (Spring 2006), pp. 11, 65, cat. 1E, fig. 8, 11, 32. (as about 1504-1505)
Cynthia Saltzman. Old Masters, New World: America’s Raid on Europe’s Great Pictures (New York: Penguin Books, 2008), p. 68.
Vanessa I. Schmid et al. The Orléans Collection. Exh. cat. (New Orleans: New Orleans Museum of Art, 2018), p. 247, no. 421.

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Commentary


Not satisfied with a single Raphael painting, Isabella Stewart Gardner waited just two years before purchasing her second work by the artist. This small panel, exquisitely preserved with luminous colors, was painted as part of a narrative predella, or lower register of an altarpiece, for a convent of Franciscan nuns in Perugia, Italy. In the early seventeenth century, the predella was separated from the rest of the altarpiece, and both parts began their journey through the art world. 


Gardner acquired her fragment in 1900, while J.P. Morgan purchased largest part of the same altarpiece one year later. She set this painting on a table, with a chair positioned as if to allow close, personal contemplation of the picture. She arranged the display perpendicular to the window, to catch daylight for viewing.