Diego Velázquez - Pope Innocent X, 17th century

After Diego Velázquez (Seville, 1599 - 1660, Madrid)

Pope Innocent X, 17th century

Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 62 cm (32 7/8 x 24 7/16 in.)


Object details

Accession number



Purchased by Isabella Stewart Gardner from the Brancaccio family, Rome for 500,000 francs around October 1906, through the American art historian Bernard Berenson (1865-1959).


Frank Moore Colby et al. (eds.). "Velazquez." The New International Encyclopaedia, vol. 23 (1918), p. 57. (as a "doubtful version")
Morris Carter. Isabella Stewart Gardner and Fenway Court (Boston, 1925; Reprint, Boston, 1972), p. 218.
Morris Carter. "Report of the Director of the Museum." Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum: Annual Report (1926), p. 24. (as by Velázquez)
Philip Hendy. Catalogue of Exhibited Paintings and Drawings (Boston, 1931), pp. 396-98, ill. (as probably not by Velázquez; perhaps after the version now housed in the Hermitage State Museum, Saint Petersburg)
Gilbert Wendel Longstreet and Morris Carter. General Catalogue (Boston, 1935), p. 155. (as an unfinished contemporary copy of the Doria Palace version, 1650)
August Liebmann Mayer. Velazquez: A Catalogue Raisonné of Pictures and Drawings (London, 1936), no. 413. (as by Juan de Pareja)
Ronald Hilton. Handbook of Hispanic Source Materials and Research Organizations in the United States (Stanford, California, 1956), p. 195. (as based on the portrait by Velázquez)
José Lopez-Rey. Velazquez: A Catalogue Raisonné of his Oeuvre (London, 1963), p. 274, no. 447. (as "obviously a copy" of the version now housed in the Apsley House, London, accession no. WM1590-1948, probably not 17th century)
Philip Hendy. European and American Paintings in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1974), pp. 272-74, ill. (as after Velázquez, copied from the Apsley House version, before the end of the 17th century)
Eric Young. "Notes on Spanish Paintings in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum." Fenway Court (1979), pp. 24-35, fig. 13. (as after Velázquez, resembles the Apsley House version)
Rollin van N. Hadley (ed.). The Letters of Bernard Berenson and Isabella Stewart Gardner 1887-1924 (Boston, 1987), pp. 358, 384-88, 390, 395-96, 456, 460-61, 469.
Richard L. Kagan. The Spanish Craze: America's Fascination with the Hispanic World, 1779-1939 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2019), p. 263.

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Isabella Stewart Gardner kept meticulous records of many of her acquisitions. In keeping with this legacy, object information is continually being reviewed, updated, and enriched in order to give greater access to the collection.


Diego Velázquez

King Philip IV of Spain