James McNeill Whistler - Lapis Lazuli, 1885-1886

James McNeill Whistler (Lowell, Massachusetts, 1834 - 1903, London)

Lapis Lazuli, 1885-1886

Chalk and pastel on brown paper, 13 x 26 cm (5 1/8 x 10 1/4 in.)


Object details

Accession number



Remained with the artist James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) before the 1890s.
Included by James McNeill Whistler in a list of pastels to be sent to David Croal Thomson (1855-1930), a London dealer, for £130, September 1891.
Purchased by Isabella Stewart Gardner from James McNeill Whistler, Paris for 120 guineas on 25 June 1895.


Signed (on the back of the couch): Whistler's butterfly signature


James McNeill Whistler. 'Notes' - 'Harmonies' - 'Nocturnes,' Second Series. Exh. cat. (London: Dowdeswell Gallery, 1886), no. 42. (entitled "Violet and Blue")
Art Exhibition: Mrs. John L. Gardner, 152 Beacon St., Boston. Exh. cat. (Boston, 1899), p. 8, no. 22. (entitled "Pastel")
Catalogue. Fenway Court. (Boston, 1903), p. 18. (entitled "Pastel")
Morris Carter. Isabella Stewart Gardner and Fenway Court (Boston, 1925; Reprint, Boston, 1972), p. 103. (entitled "Lapis-lazuli")
Philip Hendy. Catalogue of Exhibited Paintings and Drawings (Boston, 1931), p. 419. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli")
Gilbert Wendel Longstreet and Morris Carter. General Catalogue (Boston, 1935), p. 201. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli")
“Notes, Records, Comments.” Gardner Museum Calendar of Events 6, no. 19 (6 Jan. 1963), p. 1. (excerpting Morris Carter, pp. 103-05)
Philip Hendy. European and American Paintings in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 1974), pp. 292-93, ill. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli")
Deborah Gribbon. "Mrs. Gardner's Modern Art" in James Thomas Herbert Baily (ed.). The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors, "Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum" (London, 1978), p. 15. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli")
Deborah Gribbon. "Whistler's Sketch of an Unfinished Symphony." Fenway Court (1980), p. 26. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli")
Margaret MacDonald. James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours: A Catalogue Raissonné (London, 1995), pp. 397-98, no. 1070. (entitled "Blue and Violet. Lapis Lazuli"; as 1885-1886)
Alan Chong et al. (eds.) Eye of the Beholder: Masterpieces from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, 2003), p. 201, ill. (entitled "Lapis Lazuli"; as 1885-1886)

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